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As some of you may have noticed, we had some technical difficulties with last week's Newsletter - Issue 45 - which you may have received multiple times. Thank you to those people who contacted us regarding this matter. Please accept our apologies for any inconvenience this may have caused you and we hope this 'blip' has not affected your "reading pleasure"!
Features & Articles
All About ...
H i e r o g l y p h s
Hieroglyphs are pictures that were used to write the ancient Egyptian language. In the beginning hieroglyphic signs were used to keep records of the king's possessions. Scribes could easily make these records by drawing a picture of a cow or a boat followed by a number, but as the language became more complex more pictures were needed. Eventually the language consisted of more then 750 individual signs.
As in other languages, words in Egyptian were made up of sounds, partly of consonants and partly of vowels, but the writing of hieroglyphs constantly ignored and omitted vowels. The pronunciation of a word is the crucial element in using hieroglyphics, how a word sounds is more important then how it is spelled.
Hieroglyphs are more then just a way of writing, they are also pictures, and as such they are meant to be esthetically pleasing. The picture signs can be written from right to left; from left to right; or vertically, reading downwards. To determine which way to read a line of hieroglyphs, look for pictures of men or animals. See which way the pictures are facing, the text is read towards the faces. If they are facing to the left, the inscription is read from the left to the right. If they are facing right, the inscription is read from right to left.
There are three forms of writing that were used to write the ancient Egyptian language.
From the greek meaning "sacred writing". This is the picture language that was used most often to decorate temples and monuments. It could be written with pen and ink on papyrus, painted or carved into stone. It was carefully drawn, to make the signs as accurate as possible.
This was the cursive form of writing, as script is to printed letters. It was much quicker to write since the picture quality of the language was reduced to a pattern of lines and squiggles.
This was a shorthand version of the Hieratic script which was used during the Late Period. Demotic means "the people's writing." It got this name because many people could read it.
A very important language that was used during the Ptolemaic Period was called Coptic. This language was written using Greek letters, but it followed the basic structure of the Egyptian language. This has proved to be an invaluable tool for Egyptologists, enabling them to understand how a sentence was formed in the ancient Egyptian language.
A Visit To Europe
The priceless treasures of Tutankhamun will soon visit Europe for the first time in over 20 years when a Swiss museum hosts 50 artifacts from the pharaoh's tomb as well as a collection of grave goods from other New Kingdom royal tombs.
Tutankhamun ruled Egypt from 1361-1352 BC during the New Kingdom. He was just nine years old at his accession and is believed to have been 19 when he died. A minor king, Tut might easily have been forgotten had it not been for British archaeologist Howard Carter's discovery of his tomb in 1922.
he only pharaoh's tomb ever discovered intact, its stunning gold treasures have been the biggest draw at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo for over 80 years.
Organizers expect Tutankhamun's treasures to be the biggest draw in Basel, too, when the exhibition opens in April 2004.
Organizers are planning to build a replica of Tutankhamun's burial chamber. On display will be the pharaoh's dagger, crook and flail, footstool, headrest, painted chests, silver trumpet, gilded flabellum (fan and sunshade) and some of his gold jewelry. The six-month exhibition will also include funerary goods from other New Kingdom royal burials, including artifacts recovered from the royal tomb of Yuya and Tuyu.
Tutankhamun's most famous artifacts, however, will be staying home. The pharaoh's famous gold funerary mask, sarcophagi and much of his jewelry are considered just too valuable to take overseas.
What's On ... in Hurghada
||Bring & Buy Sale
Looking for something special, want to buy something for Christmas? Have something you want to sell?
Then come along to the
Bring & Buy sale on
Saturday 13th December
at Villa No. 2,
New Touristic Center
opposite Al Mashrabeya Hotel
(follow the balloons!)
If you have something you want to sell - clothes, toys, household items, etc. - bring it along marked with your name and the price and we will sell it for you ... for free!
For more info call Julie on (065) 447 309
What's On ... in Cairo
The Nile Hilton “VIP” Tennis Classic
From 16th to 20th December an open Tennis Tournament for all ages with a special event for Embassies & Expiates will take place at the Nile Hilton Tennis Courts. Great prizes from the sponsoring companies will be offered in the closing reception on 20th December.
Building Confidence & Self-esteem
Helping your child build the inner strength to cope with life's ups and downs as he or she grows is one of your most important tasks as a parent.
Ways to build self-esteem:
Show love – tell your child, as often as possible, you love him and show affection every day.
Chat – talking together gives the message that you enjoy your child's company.
Listen – show your child you find him interesting and worth listening to.
Play – join in your child's games or if you have household chores to do, ask your child to help. Including your child shows you enjoy spending time together.
Praise – not just for succeeding but for efforts and attempts.
Encourage – managing buttons or putting on her own clothes, for example, gives a great boost to self-esteem. Take it slowly so your child feels proud of what he has managed to achieve, but be ready to step in if she gets into difficulties and gets too frustrated. Don't solve every problem for him – help him feel he can manage.
Provide choices – help your child feel he can exert some control over the world. For example, you might ask your child to choose his own clothes or offer a choice of shoes.
Stay one step ahead – try to avert disasters that can lead to loss of confidence, tempers and tears. You need to be ready to distract your child from anything too complicated, helping to prevent too many upsets.
Emphasise good points – concentrate most on the positives and try to ignore the more annoying behaviours as much as possible.
Provide plenty of activities – trying out lots of things makes it more likely you'll find something that your child will be good at, even if there are lots of other things he can't manage so well. Helping your child find his strengths helps boost self-esteem.
Encourage friendships – being able to make friends and get on with others plays a big role in building self-esteem. Take an interest and, if possible, invite your child's friends round to play.
Celebrate family life – family chats in bed, for example, help your child understand that he has a special place in the family
|Apartment for sale in Moubarak 2 area, Hurghada. Fully furnished, 1st floor flat with 3 bedrooms. A/C, satellite TV, telephone and automatic washing machine. Please contact : 012 747 2899
|For rent or sale. El Hadaba area, close to the International Telephone Central, quiet 82 sqm furnished flat, 3rd floor with lift, living area, 2 bedrooms, kitchen, bathroom with tub, balcony, satellite, TV. Rent 800 LE monthly or nearest offer. Contact Tel/Fax: 00 49 681 685 0407 or email email@example.com
|Car for Sale - BMW 530i, 1988 (new model "1990"), full option, tax free car, technical and optical in a very good condition, 4500 Euro. Please contact : Chris 012 380 1551 firstname.lastname@example.org
Apartment for Sale in Abu Tig Marina (front line), El Gouna. For more information please contact: Roberta 012 2223573 or email@example.com
Villa for rent. Located in Old Vic, Hurghada. Next to Marriott Hotel with private beach. Three bedroom, three bathroom, kitchen, balcony overlooking the sea, living room and sattelite television. Fully furnished with A/C. Beach 20m away from terrace. Long and short term rental. Please contact: Tamim M. Kaddah 010 140 2878, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
|Apartment for rent - two bedrooms, two bathrooms, American-style kitchen , livingroom, private roof terrace, air-conditioning and a lot more. Location - EL GOUNA, Abu Tig New Marina Town. For long-term rent. Please contact: Gamal Nassif email@example.com
|Lady required to work as Nursery Assistant, to work with children aged 3-4 years. Must speak fluent English. Nursery experience preferred, but not essential as full training will be given. Salary dependent on experience. Please contact: Marika
012 393 4407
|German Managerial Secretary/Project Assistant, German & English speaking,
with experience as Guest Relation in El Gouna, is currently looking for a new
position, e.g. Secretary, Management Assistant or Guest Relation.
|Second hand dive computer wanted - preferrably Aladdin Pro but any make considered. Please call: Mark 012 356 8464. Hurghada.
|Looking for a FOOTBALL-TRAINER !!! We are 10 international boys between 6 and 10 years of age who play football once a week. Is there anybody in Hurghada who loves to play football and would like to coach us, show us some tricks, tell us the rules and have fun with us on the football court? We all speak English and Arabic and we are very enthusiastic about learning great football. Please call 444925 or 012 224 4041
|Looking for a Music teacher. Samir (7 years) and Junis (almost 5 years) are looking for someone nice who loves music and kids. We would love to learn drums and/or guitar once a week. Just call our mum Kiki: 444925 or 012 224 4041
|Features & Articles
Parents & Kids Guide
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